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In addition to natural changes throughout the history of Cappadocia is home to many civilizations have done, that some of these in chronological order.

(BC3000-1750) Assyrian Trade Colonies Period
BC Between the years 2000-1750 living in northern Mesopotamia established commercial colonies in Anatolia Assurlu merchants constituted the first trade organization. This is the center of trade in Kayseri Kültepe, Kanis-Karum'dur (Karum: Trade on the market place). Documents mentioned can be detected and one karumlardan Karum-Hattuşaş'tur (Boğazköy).

Rich gold, silver and copper resources, which has Anatolia, which are necessary for an alloy of tin bronze was poor in. Merchants brought their tin, various fabrics and scents of this trade were the main materials. Never has the political advantage of non-indigenous merchants were under the auspices of the brain.
Thanks to the post for the first time in Anatolia Assurlu merchants are. Cappadocian Tablets called Old Assurca written in cuneiform texts, merchants on the way to the development of the brain were 10% yield, which owe the public interest at a rate of 30% from their Anatolian king sold to 5% over the goods they pay taxes they are understood. Yet in these tablets they are married to women and Assurlu merchants Anatolian Anatolian women's rights to protect marriage contracts where materials can be seen.

Other cylinder seals from merchants Assurlu text mining, temples and the gods have their ideas brought to Anatolia. Thus, indigenous art of Anatolia, Mesopotamia, developed under the influence of art as unique has revealed a new understanding of art. The further development of this art have formed the foundation of Hittite art.

(M.Ö.1750 - 1200) Period of Hittite
M.Ö.II. early in the bin came from Europe via the Caucasus, the Hittites settled in Cappadocia, and then fused with indigenous peoples have established the empire. Languages Indo-European language is from the group. Capitals Hattuşaş (Boğazköy) important cities of the Hittites and Alişar'dır Alacahöyük. Cappadocia Region in the whole mound is possible to see remains of the Hittites. This is in addition to the Hittite Empire period, especially in the strategically important gateway to Cappadocia and the waterfront as a relief to the high rock monuments are processed. This rock monument in the south of the country thanks to the Hittite king to reach is possible to determine the way through. Within the borders of Kayseri Erciyes Mountain is located south of the Fraktin, Tasci and İmamkulu rock monuments consecrated to the gods, the Great King (Hattusilis III) and Queen's (Puduhepa) show gratitude to the gods of the empire, as well as showing the limits of the power of propaganda monuments are one.

(1200-700 BC) Late Hittite Period
To almost all major cities in Central Anatolia Phrygians destroyed after eliminating the Hittite Empire in Central and Southeastern Anatolia Late Hittite Kingdoms has emerged.

Late Hittite Kingdom in Cappadocia in Kayseri, Nigde and Nevsehir in the field Tabal Krallığı'dır. This period Amateur - Sivasa (Gökçetoprak), Acıgöl-Topada, Hacibektas - Karaburna written in the village of the Hittite rock monuments are Hieroglyphics.

(M.Ö.585-332) the Persians and the Kingdom of Cappadocia
An end to sovereignty as a result of the Phrygian Kimmerler'in Anatolia Medes (BC 585), then the Persians (M.Ö.547) are seen. Persians region 'Satrap' name, they were run by the governor. In the language of ancient Persia "Katpatuka" called Cappadocia region, the 'Type Horse Country' meant. Persians, depending on the Zoroastrian religion and fire, they say they are sacred volcano in the region, especially Erciyes and Hasandağı'nı, were considered sacred. Persians, from Cappadocia, which connects to the Aegean through their capital, 'the King's Road developed. BC Macedonian King Alexander 334 and 332 as successive armies defeated the Persians at this great empire was destroyed. Alexander the great resistance in Cappadocia washed Pers Empire has encountered. Alexander, commander of the region to control Sabiktas'ı tasked people opposed the king declared Ariarathes'i of noble and ancient Persia. As a hardworking administrator I. Ariarathes (M.Ö.332-322) expanded the boundaries of the kingdom of Cappadocia. Live in peace until the death of Alexander the Kingdom of Cappadocia, a province of Rome until the MS17 to protect the assets of Macedonian, Pontuslularla, in Galatians, the Romans had to fight with.

(M.S. 17-395) Roman
By connecting to Rome Tiberius Cappadocia MS1 7 put an end to turmoil in the region. After the Romans conquered the region to the west made a way to provide access to the Aegean. This road was important from both military and commercial terms.

During Roman rule, in the form of migration from the east to the region as well as attacks have happened. Romans against the new arrivals 'legion' name, they were resisted with military units. Emperor Septimus Severus in the period of economic revival from the very center of Cappadocia Kayseri, in later years has suffered attacks from Iran Sassanid. Against these attacks around the city Gordianus III turn has walls. In the meantime, the first Christians in Anatolia began to spread some of the big cities began to migrate from their villages. Has become an important religious center of Kayseri 4 century, exploring the rocks around Goreme and the Christians, the Bishop of Kayseri which adopted the world view of St. Basil's monastic life began in the rocks. (397-1071)

Roman Empire divided into two of the Eastern Roman Empire under the influence of Cappadocia remained. The first year in Cappadocia 7th century intense battles between the Byzantines had Sasanilerle. Sassanids region from 6 to 7 years were held. When collapsed, this time in the Arab Caliph Osman 651'de Sassanids-Umayyad migration has suffered raids. The ongoing sectarian conflict in long-III. Icons of Islam ban affected, Leon's has reached its peak. In this situation, some Christian icons pro monks began to asylum in Cappadocia. Movement lasted more than a hundred years İkonoklasm (726-843). During this period, under the influence of several Cappadocian churches were in the middle of ikonoklasm those in favor of the icon continued to worship where they can be easily hidden.

(1071-1299) Seljuk Period
Turkey was founded by the Seljuks of Oghuz Seljuk homeland of Central Asia. 10. century, Islam spread northwards accept Seljuks, Islam did not accept the sovereignty of the people struggling with the continuously worked to expand. Byzantine Emperor Romanos, the son of the grandson of Seljuk Diogenes'in Alparslan defeated in the year 1071 to decline to Byzantium in Anatolia led to the start of a new era.

In 1075 the Anatolian Seljuk State is established. Kayseri is conquered and thus the Seljuks 1082'de Enters Cappadocia. Which is an important residential area and the spread of Christianity, Anatolia hereinafter from North Africa, Middle East and Near East regions, including Islam has been reaching to. The conquest of Anatolia by the Seljuk Turks, did not affect the administrative efficiency of the patriarchate. Because 13 century St. George's Church of the inscriptions in the region of İhlara Seljuk Sultan II. Massoud and the Byzantine Emperor II. Andronicus'un the praises of the names are. Upon the weakening of the Anatolian Seljuk State at the end of 13th century in various regions of Anatolia and Cappadocia Region beyliklerortayaçıkar.1308yılındaMoğolkökenliİlhanlılar Anatolian invasion is an important city of Kayseri is whether the collapse will be destroyed. Under the influence of Seljuk sultans of Mongol administration remain independent and not moving. Turkey has now established the principalities of Anatolia in length will be managed.

Cappadocia Region, in the Ottoman period was also very quiet. Nevşehir, Niğde Damat Ibrahim Pasha connected to a small village up in the quarter was. 18. century, especially in the early time of Damat Ibrahim Pasha, Nevşehir, Amateur, Ozkonak, Avanos and Urgup in the reconstruction movement developed; mosques, complex and fountains was constructed. Ottoman Sultan at the center of town Ozkonak did Yavuz Sultan Selim during eastern time (1514) the bridge, early Ottoman structure in Nevşehir is important to have.

As in the Seljuk period in the Ottoman period in the region against Christians who are tolerant. Urgup / Sinasos' taki the 18.yüzyıla Konstantin -Eleni Church, the church and on behalf of Dimitrius Gülşehir'deki the 19th century Orthodox Church Derinkuyu'daki the most beautiful examples of this.

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